== Summary ==
Split the tzdata package into two parts - tzdata and tzdata-minimal.
tzdata will require tzdata-minimal. tzdata-minimal provides the
minimal files needed to support UTC on containers.
== Owner ==
* Name: Patsy Griffin (Franklin)
* Email: patsy(a)redhat.com
== Detailed Description ==
This is the first step towards providing support for a minimal, UTC
only, version of tzdata for containers. The tzdata-minimal package
will be a stand-alone, UTC only, subset of tzdata. The tzdata package
will require tzdata-minimal.
With this framework in place, other packages can develop code to
detect a minimal tzdata installation. These packages will also need
to provide appropriate messages when users request timezone
information not available when only tzdata-minimal is installed.
== Feedback ==
We have had requests for this functionality in order to support
minimal container installations. Currently some container kickstart
installations already ad hoc remove most of the timezone information
provided by tzdata, leaving only UTC support available. This change
provides a formal method of providing this support.
Both the glibc and python teams are aware of this proposed change.
This change does not currently require changes in their code. The
goal is for those packages that currently require tzdata as part of
their build or install, move towards recommending tzdata instead.
== Benefit to Fedora ==
This change will reduce the size of base container installations.
== Scope ==
* Proposal owners: Implement the proposal.
* Other developers: Developers need to ensure that their packages
continue to build and install with the new split tzdata/tzdata-minimal
* Release engineering: No coordination required with Release Engineering.
* Policies and guidelines: The policies and guidelines do not need to
* Trademark approval: N/A (not needed for this Change)
* Alignment with Objectives: N/A
== Upgrade/compatibility impact ==
The only visible change will be a new package tzdata-minimal required by tzdata.
== How To Test ==
Run a dnf upgrade of tzdata and observe that tzdata-minimal is now
also installed as a dependency.
== User Experience ==
Users will see that new updates to tzdata include a new package
dependency on tzdata-minimal.
== Dependencies ==
This change does not require or depend on changes to other packages.
However, we hope that dependent packages will work towards
recommending tzdata for builds and installs rather than requiring it.
== Contingency Plan ==
* Contingency mechanism: If we are unable to complete this feature by
the final development freeze, we will revert to the shipped
* Contingency deadline: 100% Code complete deadline
* Blocks release? No
== Documentation ==
No documentation changes are needed at this time.
== Release Notes ==
The tzdata package is now divided into a UTC only package,
tzdata-minimal, and tzdata.
He / Him / His
Fedora Program Manager
Hi Paul, all,
On Tue, Jun 29, 2021 at 1:40 AM Paul Wouters <paul(a)nohats.ca> wrote:
> On Mon, 28 Jun 2021, Ben Cotton wrote:
> > https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/Change/DisableSHA1InOpenDNSSec
> > == Detailed Description ==
> > OpenDNSSec changed the default behavior to not include SHA1 DS by
> > default, and added the -sha1 knob as an immediately-deprecated
> > compatibility knob in version 2.1.0 (2017-2): "OPENDNSSEC-552: By
> > default ‘ods-enforcer key export –ds’ included the SHA1 version of the
> > DS. SHA1 use is discouraged in favour of SHA256. To get the SHA1 DS
> > use the –sha1 flag. This flag is immediately deprecated and will be
> > removed from future versions of OpenDNSSEC." (see ChangeLog:
> > https://www.opendnssec.org/archive/releases/ ).
> > The proposal is to disable the -sha1 knob in Fedora. I will also open
> > an issue upstream to remove all the sha1-related code.
> This change makes me a bit nervous, and I'm the author of RFC 8624 that
> recommennds not using SHA-1 for DS/CDS records anymore.
> > Supporting statement
> > [https://www.icann.org/en/blogs/details/its-time-to-move-away-from-using-s...
> > [from ICANN] (2020-1-24): "Now is the time for administrators of zones
> > at all levels of the DNS to stop using SHA-1 and change to algorithms
> > using stronger hashes."
> While this is true, the order of where things need to change are:
> 1 Discourage, but not block, the use of SHA-1. Eg remove it from the default set.
> 2 Ensure the migration of SHA-1 based records to SHA-256 is taking place
> 3 remove support for SHA-1
> This plan assumes we are in phase3. I would say we are in phase2.
> Remember, any domain that depends on SHA-1 is going to be more secure
> than being marked as insecure because SHA-1 is rejected. This is somewhat
> different from like SHA-1 support for authentication where the rejection
> of a weaker algorithm forces the use of a stronger algorithm.
> The DNSSEC fallback when an algorithm is not supported is to go insecure,
> not insist on a more secure SHA-2 that is not there. With DNSSEC,
> there is not client-server exchange like with TLS or IPsec. There is
> a producer on one end, and a consumer on the other end. The two do not
> negotiate crypto parameters.
> > == Benefit to Fedora ==
> > * This change makes sure OpenDNSSec in Fedora follows ICANN's
> > guidelines and does not propose SHA1 DS. This is is needed given the
> > [https://sha-mbles.github.io/ latest attacks against SHA-1]. More
> > in-depth articles are available
> > [https://www.dns.cam.ac.uk/news/2020-01-09-sha-mbles.html there] and
> > [https://mailarchive.ietf.org/arch/msg/dnsop/hA4Ur9qxRJIUo13Pjpmrm_va7cs/
> I know that a few people believe that shambles can in theory be abused
> with DNSSEC, but a lot of people also believe the constrains of DNS
> RRsets make this impossible. But even _if_ it is possible, it would
> only affect multiple domains that share the same private key that made
> the SHA-1 signature. And then we are talking about RRSIG records and
> not, as in this proposal, the DS/CDS RDATA content.
> > Patch the enforcer so that bsha1 is not honored anymore:
> I don't think fedora should move faster than upstream opendnssec. I
> believe the people at the IETF and the software developers of the DNS
> software are more aware of where we are in the migration path than
> individual Fedora developers.
Thanks a lot for your input. I am withdrawing the change proposal now
as it makes no sense indeed to have Fedora move faster than upstream
> > == Upgrade/compatibility impact ==
> > Zones with SHA-1 signatures can be migrated to SHA-256 by re-signing the zone.
> The RRSIG signature is not related to the DS signature. Zone resigning
> is something completely different from the DS/CDS records. Those records
> are signed by the parent zone, and use whatever algorithm the parent
> zone uses, which the child zone cannot dictate.
> > This change might break (very old) clients that only recognize SHA-1
> > but these should already be broken (on the Internet at least) because
> > the root zone is signed with SHA-256 only.
> The root zone has no DS record, so this statement does not make sense.
> The RRSIG signature algorithm is unrelated to the DS/CDS record RRdata
> that contains a hash of the child's public key, where the hash is created
> with SHA-1 or SHA-2.
> > == User Experience ==
> > OpenDNSSec in Fedora can currently be used to sign zones with SHA1.
> > With this change, this will no longer be possible. The migration from
> > SHA1 is underway anyway.
> So there are two things that really need to be clarified for this
> proposal. Is it talking about DS/CDS signature algorithm as per IANA
> registry http://www.iana.org/assignments/ds-rr-types, or are we talking
> about DNSKEY signature algorithm, that is responsble for signing all
> the zone data, that uses a hash algorithm or SHA-1 or better. Based on
> the description, I am a bit worried that it is not entirely clear what
> the proposed change actually is.
> Please feel free to reach out to me directly to talk about this feature
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Planned Outage - System upgrades - 2021-07-06 19:00 UTC
There will be an outage starting at 2021-07-06 19:00UTC,
which will last approximately 4 hours.
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date -d '2021-07-06 19:00UTC'
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