On So, 09.09.18 09:31, Daniel J Walsh (dwalsh(a)redhat.com) wrote:
Has anyone looked at supporting pam_cgfs.so in Fedora.
This question was asked here.
I am not sure what pam_cgfs.so precisely does, but do note that on
systemd systems (which includes Fedora) systemd is the owner of the
cgroup tree, and the only means by which other components may manage
their own subtrees is through cgroup delegation (which includes
delegation to less privileged users), which you can request from
You can request cgroup delegation from the system service manager, for which
you need to be privileged (but you can request it on behalf of an
You can also request cgroup delegation from your private user service
manager instance, for which you do not need to be privileged.
The APIs for requesting cgroup delegation from the system service
manager or your user service manager is the same, the only difference
is whether you do so through the system or user dbus bus.
Note that on cgroupsv1 delegation of *controllers* (i.e. "cpu",
"cpuset", "memory", "blkio", …) to unprivileged processes is
(this is a kernel limitation) and systemd won't do it hence. On
cgroupsv2 it is safe however, and hence you will get "memory" and
"tasks" delegated by default (though not "cpu" by default as the
runtime impact of that is still too high).
Do note however, that Docker is blocking us from switching Fedora over
to cgroupsv2 though, as there is still no working support for
cgroupsv2 in Docker, nor support for requested cgroup tree delegation
from systemd. It's a shame that Docker is hindering us from making the
switch, but it is how it is. Docker currently bypasses systemd
entirely when it comes to cgroupsv2 and considers itself to be owner
of the cgroup tree which is a mess on cgroupsv1 (though you have a
chance of getting away with it) and doesn't work at all on cgroupsv2.
Or in other words: if you are looking for a way to get your own
per-user delegated cgroup subtree, simply ask systemd for it by
setting Delegate=yes in your service unit file, or by asking for
a scope unit to be registered, also with Delegate=yes set. Nothing
else is supported.
Lennart Poettering, Red Hat