On 01/23/17 at 02:36pm, Xunlei Pang wrote:
Check the number of cpus for x86_64 kdump kernel to boot with.
We met an issue on x86_64: kdump runs out of vectors with the
default "nr_cpus=1", when requesting tons of irqs.
This patch detects such situation and warns users about the risk.
The total number of vectors percpu is 256 defined by x86 architecture.
The available vectors can be allocated to io devices percpu starts
from FIRST_EXTERNAL_VECTOR(see kernel code), and some high-numbered
ones are consumed by some system interrupts. As a result, the vectors
for io device are within [FIRST_EXTERNAL_VECTOR, FIRST_SYSTEM_VECTOR),
with one known exception, 0x80 within the range is reserved specially
as the syscall vector.
FIRST_EXTERNAL_VECTOR is invariably 32, while FIRST_SYSTEM_VECTOR can
vary between different kernel versions. E.g. FIRST_SYSTEM_VECTOR gets
0xef(with CONFIG_X86_LOCAL_APIC on)for linux-4.10, that is 17 vectors
reserved, considering it may increase in the future and the special
vectors, we use a flexible variance and assume there are 32 reserved
from FIRST_EXTERNAL_VECTOR. Then the max vectors for device interrupts
percpu is: (256-32)-32=192, we acquire the number N of device interrupts
from /proc/irq/, then the number of minimal cpus required is calculated:
(N + 192 - 1) / 192
Acked-by: Pratyush Anand <panand(a)redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Xunlei Pang <xlpang(a)redhat.com>
- Improved code comments to solve the over-80-chars issue.
- Replaced "ls /proc/irq/ -l | grep ^d | wc -l" with
"ls -ld /proc/irq/*/ | wc -l" according to Dave's suggestion.
kdumpctl | 67 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
1 file changed, 67 insertions(+)
diff --git a/kdumpctl b/kdumpctl
index b2068cc..4d68be0 100755
@@ -105,6 +105,71 @@ append_cmdline()
+# Check the number of cpus for kdump kernel to boot with.
+# We met an issue on x86_64: kdump runs out of vectors with
+# "nr_cpus=1" when requesting tons of irqs, so here we check
+# "nr_cpus=1" and warn users if kdump probably can't work.
+ local nr_origin nr_min nr_max
+ local arch=$(uname -m) cmdline=$KDUMP_COMMANDLINE_APPEND
+ if [ $arch != "x86_64" ]; then
+ # We only care about the default "nr_cpus=1".
+ echo $cmdline | grep -E -q "nr_cpus=1[[:space:]]*|nr_cpus=1$"
+ if [ $? -ne 0 ]; then
+ # Online cpus in first kernel.
+ nr_max=$(grep -c '^processor' /proc/cpuinfo)
+ # To calculate the estimated minimal cpus required.
+ nr_min=$(ls -ld /proc/irq/*/ | wc -l)
+ # Vectors for io device start from FIRST_EXTERNAL_VECTOR(32),
+ # some high-numbered ones starting from FIRST_EXTERNAL_VECTOR
+ # are reserved for system internal uses.
+ # We use a flexible variance and assume there are 32 reserved
+ # from FIRST_EXTERNAL_VECTOR. Then the total vectors for device
+ # interrupts percpu is: (256-32)-32=192.
+ # For "nr_cpus=1", irq and vector have the 1:1 mapping.
+ nr_min=$(($nr_min + 192 - 1))
+ nr_min=$(($nr_min / 192))
+ if [ $nr_min -gt 1 ]; then
+ # The system seems to have tons of interrupts. We need
+ # some further calculation of the number of cpus(>1).
+ # For "nr_cpus>1", irq and vector have the 1:M mapping,
+ # multiple-cpu affinity can consume multiple vectors.
+ # Luckily for x2apic which is commonly deployed on large
+ # modern machines, default case of boot, device bringup
+ # etc will use a single cpu to minimize vector pressure.
+ # For further safety, we add one more cpu and round it
+ # up to an even number.
+ nr_min=$(($nr_min + 1))
+ nr_min=$(($nr_min + $nr_min % 2))
+ if [ $nr_min -gt $nr_max ]; then
+ if [ $nr_origin -ge $nr_min ]; then
+ echo -n "Warning: nr_cpus=1 may not be enough for kdump boot,"
+ echo " try nr_cpus=$nr_min or larger instead"
# This function performs a series of edits on the command line.
# Store the final result in global $KDUMP_COMMANDLINE.
@@ -134,6 +199,8 @@ prepare_cmdline()
kexec mailing list -- kexec(a)lists.fedoraproject.org
To unsubscribe send an email to kexec-leave(a)lists.fedoraproject.org
Acked-by: Dave Young <dyoung(a)redhat.com>