*The VAR Guy*
/Fedora 22 Linux Adds Cloud, Containerization and Server Features to Red
The latest version of Fedora, the Linux distribution that helps shape
the features that make it into Red Hat's (RHT) open source platforms, is
out this week, sporting updates in the realms of containerization,
server databases, file storage and the GNOME desktop.
The Fedora Project, a community open source development effort sponsored
by Red Hat, announced the latest version of its operating system, Fedora
22, on Tuesday. The new release is the next step in the Fedora.next
initiative, which the Fedora team launched more than a year ago to plan
the future of the open source platform, one of the community's most
popular Linux distributions. Fedora 21 was the first version of the
operating system to follow the Fedora.next guidelines.
/Fedora 22: Cloud, desktop and server innovation/
To look into Red Hat's Linux crystal ball, just gaze at Fedora, its
community-driven Linux distribution. With the general release of Fedora
22, you can see exactly where Red Hat plans on taking Red Hat Enterprise
Linux (RHEL) in the future.
Under the Fedora.next program, Fedora comes in three platforms:
Workstation, Cloud, and Server. Underneath each, Fedora provides a set
of foundational packages, including the Linux kernel, RPM, systemd, and
Fedora's installation program Anaconda.
With Fedora 22 one change all users will deal with is the updated RPM
package manager: DNF. While Workstation users won't see much of a
difference, Server and Cloud administrators should get faster installs
and updates from DNF while retaining Yum command-line interface (CLI)
compatibility for software management tasks.
/Fedora 22 released (GNU/Linux operating systems)/
Fedora is a free and open source operating system developed by a
community of coders, but backed by the folks who make the commercial Red
Hat Linux project. Fedora 22 is now available for download.
The operating system comes in three basic versions: workstation, server,
and cloud. For most folks who want to run Fedora on a desktop or
notebook, the Workstation version is what you need. The other two are
aimed at hosting internet or personal cloud applications.
So what's new in Fedora 22?
One of the biggest changes is a new package management system. Yum has
been replaced with DNF. This is basically the system that lets you
quickly and easy download and install software from Fedora repositories:
GNU/Linux was doing app stores long before Apple. The Fedora team says
DNF should offer better performance while consuming less memory.
/Fedora 22 Officially Released/
The Fedora project has announced that Fedora 22 is finally available for
download for all the new flavors, Workstation, Server, and Cloud.
The Fedora 22 development cycle has been one of the quietest and fastest
in the past couple of years. The team seems to have a much better grip
on things, and the project hasn't been delayed as much as before. If we
also take a look at Fedora 21, which was a great release, we can surmise
that Fedora 22 will be even better
What users need to know is that Fedora 22 is not radically different
from Fedora 21, and that is one of the reasons why everything went so
smoothly. The developers built upon the great foundations of the 21
branch, and now we have a new Fedora stable release that should be even
more successful than the previous release. And, from the looks of it,
the developers are also back on a six-month release schedule.
/Fedora 22 provides three ways to don Red Hat/
Most of the big changes in Fedora 22 -- especially with the Cloud
edition -- revolve around Red Hat's Project Atomic, a general reworking
of Red Hat's Linux offerings around a lightweight, container-oriented
design. Aside from serving as a host for Docker application containers,
a system built around Atomic can roll out or roll back system updates as
nondestructively as possible.
With Server, Fedora's big feature of note is server roles, predefined --
and predefinable -- configurations for common tasks. The list of
predefined roles is still small, among them a domain controller and a
PostgreSQL database server role, but Red Hat at least seems interested
in creating a framework that others can use to build roles.
Another small but significant change: Cloud instances can be converted
to Server instances by way of an included script. Thus, the various
flavors of Fedora can be mutable; starting with one flavor doesn't mean
you're stuck with it forever if needs change. Also, a simplified
continuous integration system called Tunir has been introduced for Cloud
instances. It's not as full-featured as competing solutions like
Jenkins, but is intended to consume little memory and provide enough
features to be useful.
/Fedora 22 is here -- Linux fans, get excited!/
The large number of active Linux distributions nowadays is problematic.
While some will say more choice is a good thing, I must disagree in this
regard. This can potentially overwhelm people that are Linux-curious,
causing them to abandon their open source journey before it begins.
Quite frankly, beginners should only target two distros -- Ubuntu and
Fedora. The former is the easier and more accessible of the two, but the
latter is arguably better from a learning experience. Today, after a
long wait, Fedora reaches version 22.
The Fedora team explains that the distro "delivers new features for
developers and desktop users with Fedora 22 Workstation
edition,emphasizing user interface enhancements and application
improvements. Bug notifications, serious or otherwise, now keep users
better informed while remaining less intrusive, and GNOME's desktop
themes have been refined to improve usability without distracting from
"Several application improvements have also been shipped with Fedora 22
Workstation, including the Software app, which now simplifies the act of
finding useful open source software, keeping systems up to date and
adding extras, like fonts or media helpers. Files and Boxes (Fedora 22's
virtual and remote machine application) have been enhanced as well,
giving a better view of files and folders and a revamped box creation
assistant, respectively", says the team.
/Fedora 22 Linux Debuts/
Fedora 21 was a difficult release for Red Hat's community Linux
distribution, introducing a new release paradigm, a new project leader
and a very long release cycle. Fedora 22 which is set to officially be
released on May 26 on the other hand, follows Fedora 21 by six months
and is a continued evolution of the changes that have already been
As was the case with Fedora 21, Fedora 22 is available in cloud, server
and workstation editions. Underpinning all three editions is the new
Linux 4.0 kernel, which was first released on April 12. Among the big
new features that the Linux 4.0 kernel introduces is live kernel patching.
Another key feature that now is implemented across all Fedora product is
a shift to the DNF, which according to the Fedora project, stands for
'Dandified Yum'. Yum was the predecessor package manager that was used
for Fedora distribution releases prior to the new Fedora 22 milestone.
DNF offers the promise of improved performance and stability over Yum.
/Woo-hoo, Fedora 22/
Red Hat, Inc. on the behalf of the Fedora project today announced the
release of Fedora 22 saying, "Fedora 22 once again delivers on the
Fedora.next initiative, which established three distinct editions of
Fedora -- Fedora Cloud, Fedora Server, and Fedora Workstation. After
extensive work in delivering the first distribution to embrace
Fedora.next (Fedora 21), Fedora 22 marks a return to Fedora's
traditional six month release cadence."
The Cloud images support some of the latest and greatest trends such as
"Cockpit, Docker, Kubernetes, and more." The Fedora 22 Atomic images are
also available with "the Atomic command, a coherent entry point for
managing hosts and containers. Fedora 22 also offers Vagrant boxes for
the base Cloud edition and Atomic Host." Downloads are at GetFedora.org
The Server "provides a highly-flexible platform for a multitude of
server functions, from file servers to domain controllers." XFS file
system is now default in Fedora 22 Server and a new Database role
steamlines adminstration. Downloads for Fedora 22 Server are also at
/Red Hat Fedora 22 leaves beta to become a Vagrant/
THE FEDORA PROJECT, Red Hat's community arm, has announced the arrival
of Fedora 22, the latest version of its open source Linux OS.
Coming in three editions, Fedora Cloud, Fedora Server and Fedora
Workstation, the release, which first appeared in beta a month ago,
marks the first biannual release since the major upgrade work that
proceeded Fedora 21.
As well as the cross-edition basics of the kernel, RPM, systemd and
Anaconda, there is an updated package manager, with speedier results for
DNF and continued command line compatibility with Yum.
The Cloud edition adds Atomic Command, a centralised hub for containers
and hosts, with rp-ostree, Cockpit, Docker and Kubernetes all getting
the upgrade treatment.
There are also Vagrant boxes for the Cloud edition and Atomic host,
making it easier to spin up Fedora Vagrant boxes for development and
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