Fedora 21 Release Announcement
The Fedora Project is pleased to announce the release of Fedora 21,
ready to run on your desktops, servers, and in the cloud. Fedora 21 is
a game-changer for the Fedora Project, and we think you're going to be
very pleased with the results.
Fedora.next and Fedora 21 Flavors
As part of the Fedora.next initiative, Fedora 21 comes in three
flavors: Cloud, Server, and Workstation -- whether you're using
Linux on your laptop, using Linux on your servers, or spinning up
containers or images in the cloud, we have what you need to be
Fedora 21 Base
Each of the flavors builds on the "base" set of packages for
Fedora. For instance, each flavor uses the same packages for the
kernel, RPM, Yum, systemd, Anaconda, and so forth.
The Base Working Group develops the standard platform for all
Fedora deliverables, which includes the installer, compose tools,
and basic platform for the other flavors. The Base set of packages
*is not* intended for use on its own, but is kept as a small,
stable platform for other initiatives to build on.
Highlights in the Fedora 21 Release
Fedora 21 Cloud
The Fedora Cloud Working Group and Special Interest Group (SIG) has
been busy leading up to Fedora 21. Cloud is now a top-level
deliverable for Fedora 21, and includes images for use in private
cloud environments like OpenStack, as well as AMIs for use on
Amazon, and a new "Atomic" image streamlined for running Docker
* Modular Kernel Packaging for Cloud
Space is precious, and there's little reason to include drivers
for hardware that doesn't exist in the cloud. As part of the work
for this release, the cloud SIG and kernel team split the kernel
into two packages. One package contains the minimum modules for
running in a virtualized environment, the other contains the
larger set of modules for a more general installation. With other
size reduction work, the F21 cloud image is about 25% smaller
than F20, making for faster deployment and more room to whatever
* Fedora Atomic Host
In early April, Red Hat announced Project Atomic, an effort to
provide the tools and patterns for a streamlined operating system
to run containers. The Fedora 21 release is the first to offer an
"Atomic" host for Fedora, which includes a minimal set of
packages and an image composed with rpm-ostree.
While using the same RPMs as other Fedora offerings, the Atomic
host lets you roll back updates (if necessary) as one atomic unit
-- making update management much easier.
Our Atomic image includes Kubernetes and Cockpit for container
management, and will receive updates through the Fedora 21
release cycle as rpm-ostree updates.
Fedora 21 Server
The Fedora Server flavor is a common base platform that is meant to
run featured application stacks, which are produced, tested, and
distributed by the Server Working Group. Want to use Fedora as a
Web server, file server, database server, or platform for an
Infrastructure-as-a-Service? Fedora 21 Server is for you.
* Fedora Server Management Features
The Fedora Server flavor introduces new Server management
features aimed at making it easier to install discrete
infrastructure services. The Fedora Server introduces three new
technologies to handle this task, rolekit, Cockpit, and OpenLMI.
Rolekit is a Role deployment and management toolkit that provides
a consistent interface to administrators to install and configure
all the packages needed to implement a specific server role.
Rolekit is at an early stage of development in Fedora 21.
Cockpit is a user interface for configuring and monitoring your
server or servers. It is accessible remotely via a web browser.
OpenLMI is a remote management system built atop DMTF-CIM. Use
OpenLMI for scripting management functions across many machines
and for querying for capabilities and monitoring for system
* Domain Controller Server Role
As part of the server role offerings available for Fedora 21, the
Server flavor ships with a role deployment mechanism. One of the
roles offered in 21 is the Domain Controller Service.
The Domain Controller Service packages freeIPA's integrated
identity and authentication solution for Linux/UNIX networked
A FreeIPA server provides centralized authentication,
authorization, and account information by storing data about
user, groups, hosts, and other objects necessary to manage the
security aspects of a network of computers.
Fedora 21 Workstation
The Fedora Workstation is a new take on desktop development from
the Fedora community. Our goal is to pick the best components, and
integrate and polish them. This work results in a more polished and
targeted system than you've previously seen from the Fedora
desktop. We want our desktop operating system to solve your
problems, not be your problem.
* Easy access to all your software
The cornerstone of the Fedora Workstation is the Software
installer, which lets you find all kinds of applications quickly
and easily. The improvements to the Software installer in Fedora
21 provide a responsive and fast user experience. In addition,
Fedora packagers have worked with developers around the world to
greatly improve the number of featured applications.
* Improvements to the Terminal application
We want developers to have a great experience, so a strong
Terminal application is absolutely important. We've integrated a
set of additional features in the Terminal, such as:
- Support for transparent backgrounds
- Automatic title updates to help you identify different terminals
- A simple toggle for disabling shortcuts in the Terminal
- Search for Terminals by name in the GNOME desktop overview
* Experimental Wayland support
Wayland is a new and exciting display server technology that will
power Linux desktops of the future. With Fedora Workstation 21
you can visit the future now, and see how well your applications
work with Wayland. You can also experiment with making your
applications take advantage of Wayland's new capabilities. Much
of the core Wayland development comes from Fedora Workstation
contributors, so this is your chance to try out Wayland straight
from the source.
We recognize developers need an easy and straightforward way to
set up many different programming environments. In Fedora
Workstation, we offer the DevAssistant developer helper, which
takes care of this setup for a large number of language runtimes
To provide the most flexible development environment possible,
DevAssistant integrates with Fedora Software collections, to
provide multiple versions of different languages to suit your
needs. Software Collections allow you to install additional
language support alongside the system software, without any
conflicts. For example, you could use Software Collections to
enable a separate version of Perl or Ruby without conflicting
with the system version.
* Ease of installation
We want the installation of the Fedora Workstation to be as
straightforward and simple as possible. In Fedora Workstation we've
distilled this process down to selecting the layout of your physical
media, and then pressing "Install." (In fact, you can even let the
installer choose the disk layout for you.) And because the future of
installations is not optical disks, we ship with an easy to use tool to
help you create bootable USB sticks -- just download a new Live image,
right-click, and write to USB.
* Web service integration
We recognize you have work to do, and you want to use the tools
that let you get it done. That's why we're working to make all
your applications in Fedora Workstation look and feel the same.
With the ability to run HTML5 web services in a chromeless
window, we aim to make your apps feel like a natural extension to
your desktop. More integration upgrades are coming in future
Fedora Workstation releases.
* Support for high resolution displays (HiDPI)
Technology never stands still, and as a software developer you
are used to using the best technology available. So we've spent a
lot of time and effort on supporting the new generation of HiDPI
displays found on new hardware like many new ultrabook models, or
the Apple Retina display. That's probably why Fedora has been
called the best of HiDPI.
* Exciting roadmap
This Fedora Workstation release is not the end. It's the
beginning of a new era for Fedora on the desktop. We have a
roadmap lined up to bring a range of exciting new technologies to
the Linux desktop:
- Smarter virtual machines
- Better development tools
- Improved toolkit integration
- More web integration
- ...and much more
So if you want to be part of the future of the Linux desktop, get
on board now!
Downloads, upgrades, documentation, and common bugs
You can start by downloading Fedora 21:
If you are upgrading from a previous release of Fedora, refer to:
* Fedora now includes the FedUp utility to enable an easy upgrade to
Fedora 21 from previous releases. See the FedUp page on the
Fedora wiki for more information:
Read the full release notes for Fedora 21, guides for several languages,
and learn about known bugs and how to report new ones:
Fedora 21 common bugs are documented at:
This page includes information on several known non-blocker bugs in
Fedora 20, please be sure to read it before installing!
In addition to the new Fedora flavors, Fedora users also have the
alternative of Fedora Spins that highlight user favorites like KDE
Plasma Workspaces, Xfce, LXDE, and Sugar on a Stick (SoaS). If
you're interested in trying out one of the spins, head over to the
page for Fedora Spins and grab the spins you're interested in!
We hope that you're excited to have Fedora 21 in your hands and are
looking forward to using it and exploring its new features and many
improvements over Fedora 20. But that's not all! Fedora never
stands still, we're always working towards a new and better release
and sharing our work with the world. Want to be part of the fun?
It's easy to get involved!
There are many ways to contribute to Fedora, even if it's just bug
reporting. You can also help translate software and content, test and
give feedback on software updates, write and edit documentation, design
and do artwork, help with all sorts of promotional activities, and
package free software for use by millions of Fedora users worldwide. To
get started, visit <https://join.fedoraproject.org>
Fedora Project Leader