With the SystemRescueCd I backed up the /dev/sda6 partition in /mnt/backup/ naming "diskimage"
After backing up operation the file has the automatic extension like "diskimage.000".
Is this file ok to restore?
If I name it "diskimage.gz" then it is automatically renamed with this extension "diskimage.gz.000"
But here below
the file is name like this:
Do I have to name with the .pimg extension during backup to restore correctly?
And how can I restore it?
I am planning on running a Virtual Private Network from my Fedora
firewall out to a UML virtual colo (running RH9) at another site.
That site will be the place I present services to the world;
httpd, ssh, sftp, smtp. This is to comply with the "no servers"
and dynamic ip restrictions on my Comcast connection to the net;
if my firewall always drives an outbound connection to the
colocation site, I am not worried about changes of ip address,
and I am not opening any inbound ports.
There are a number of options for the VPN - the most attractive
are cipe ( http://sites.inka.de/sites/bigred/devel/cipe.html )
and FreeSwan ( http://www.freeswan.org/ ), though I am told that
one can do all this through an ssh tunnel. I would rather have
simple and secure than super-duper; I have plenty of bandwidth,
and will send outbound http and smtp from the firewall, so the
main bandwidth user will be incoming spam/b/b/b/b mail.
Anyone have some experiences to share about setting up VPN? Is
there anything about either cipe or FreeSwan that is likely to
break with FC1 or FC2?
Keith Lofstrom keithl(a)ieee.org Voice (503)-520-1993
KLIC --- Keith Lofstrom Integrated Circuits --- "Your Ideas in Silicon"
Design Contracting in Bipolar and CMOS - Analog, Digital, and Scan ICs
my computer boot only in emergency mode ...
Looking the journalctl (command journalctl -xb), I found (in thejournalctl
) these lines in red color :
ATA2:00: link is slow to respond....
ATA200: SRST failed (erro 16)
That seem indicate that it is a problem to access the HDs..
I found a possible solution to the problem in this post:
There is wrote that :...the problem can depend by the physic set up of the
HD (as "master", "slave", "single drive", ...): this set up can be done by
changing the position of a jumper on the HD...
I know that, in the past time, the HDs had to be set physically in this
way.., but recently I never heart anymore that the modern HD need this
So actually I don't care anymore of the configuration of the HDs
(my HD is Toshiba 1 TB that I bought few mounts ago).
I would like to have a confirmation that what I read in the post is only an
obsolete information and, in any case, I would like to know also what I can
do to go around in my problem..
>From the command line: ls /dev/sd* I get:
give me this input :
/dev/sda /dev/sda1 /dev/sda2 /dev/sda5 /dev/sdb /dev/sdb1
I used to use netcat to check if a particular host is up or if I have
internet connection before I run a few scripts. I would use the -z
option in particular. But now I see that has been removed:
$ nc -z imap.gmail.com 993 && sync-my-email.sh
ncat: invalid option -- 'z'
Here is the excerpt from the old manual page:
-z Specifies that nc should just scan for listening daemons, without
sending any data to them. It is an error to use this option in
conjunction with the -l option.
Any ideas what happened to it? What can I use as replacement?
Thanks for any ideas.
Open source is the future. It sets us free.
On 05/29/2015 08:18 AM, lokadamus(a)gmx.de wrote:
>> On 05/23/15 19:08, jd1008 wrote:
>>> I have an HP laptop with
>>> AMD Turion II X2 mobile processor RM-72 / 2.1 GHz CPU, Socket S1.
>>> It is now causing blue screens in windows, and freezes
>>> fbsd, pclinuxos, knoppix, fedora live.
>>> I have run the x86 mem test for more than a day, and
>>> found no problems with the 4GB ram (2GB X 2).
>>> I am wondering why the memtest does not freeze????
>>> could it be that only one core is causing the problem?
>>> At any rate I wanted to replace it with
>>> AMD Turion II Ultra M660 TMM660DBO23GQ 2.7GHz Dual-Core Mobile CPU
>>> Processor, Socket S1
>>> Will I be running into any problems?
>>> Would the heat be an issue?
>>> These are the full technical data on it:
>>> General information
>> I'm think, i'm too late, but make a test with
>> http://www.superpi.net/ (not testet, but super pi was in the past a good
>> http://www.cpuburnin.com/ (same problem, not testet in the last time)
>> Start for every core one instance to bring up your CPU to 100% working.
Thanks to everyone's suggestions.
I finally had some cycles to open the laptop and cleanup up the
old dried up grease off the cpu and the heat sink and applied
the arctic silver. I smeared it in thin sheet on both the cpu and the
heat sink's contact surface.
I buttoned the thing back up and installed fc20 from DVD iso.
All went well during the install.
I booted and opened the file browser to browse the boot drive. No problems.
I immediately opened the file browser again to seperately browse another
and it crashed instantly after the gui of the 2nd file browser came up.
I uploaded the screen image of crash message to
I noticed that during the installation of fc20, the air coming
out of the exhaust vent was almost scalding if I kept my finger there
for about a minute or so. By scalding, I mean if I had touched
a metal surface of that temperature for say 30 seconds, I would
have felt some pain.
Also, I noticed that the cooling fan remained at normal operating
speed, instead of spinning faster, as I usually hear it spin fast for
about a few seconds when I power it on.
So, I am not sure whether the problem is the fan or the cpu.
P.S: I also ran the memtest 86 full tests of 1 pass.
I installed fc20 after it had reached somewhere near the middle
of pass 2. It had detected no errors. 10 hours had passed since
I had started the memtest86.
I am not sure if each pass would run different tests. Perhaps
someone can expand on that.
Laptop: Dell Latitude E6510.
OS: F20 with all updates
Grub installed on sda.
Power up ,and after bios's internal works, I do not get the grub menu.
All I get is an empty screen with the underscore cursor blinking at
upper left corner.
Press F12 to get the BIOS boot menu.
Select Internal HDD
Boots just fine.
(First try apparently got eaten; apologies if this is a duplicate.)
I just installed F22 (KDE spin) from scratch on a new Dell M6800. The
Live CD seemed to run okay, but when I try to boot the installed OS, it
(almost¹) invariably freezes when I try to log in. The machine is
effectively unusable as a result.
Has anyone else encountered this? Can anyone recommend a course of
diagnostics? I'm unable to even get the machine into a state that would
allow remote login (over ssh anyway, and I don't know offhand how to set
up serial login), and I've not seen anything in /var/log/messages that
might indicate a problem.
(¹ *Once and only once* I was able to log in, but the system froze as
soon as I tried to run an application. Also, I can log in in single-user
mode, but this isn't good for much but running dnf and fiddling with
enabled services. I *have* applied all updates as of a few hours ago to
I have text files made of paragraphs of text, separated by
Each "paragraph" is information about a different item.
In need to sort these paragraphs based on the first line
of each paragraph.
Need some hints how to accomplish this.