Gordon Messmer writes:
Thanks, Sam, that looks like very useful information. The logs you
indicate that one interface, eno1, had no link when "ip addr show" ran,
after NetworkManager reported itself online. This seems consistent with nm-
online's man page which indicates that startup is complete when all
connections are available "given the current network state.
The old "network" service would simply set the interface state to
regardless of whether or not there was a link, and further it had a
LINKDELAY setting to ensure that the system would pause some fixed time (the
admin's best guess, I suppose) before it continued.
I follow this, mostly, but...
The big picture is that many services expect to be able to bind to some
preconfigured IP address. If this was just, say, privoxy, you could call it
an outlier. But it's not just privoxy. Also openssh, and in fact openssh was
so badly affected that it doesn't even bother having a dependency on network-
online.target, it just hooks up to network.target, and the service file has
a hardcoded retry interval of 40 seconds to try to restart the service.
Pretty sure that innd will also barf, although I'm not running it right now.
It is also quite common to preconfigure well-known services to listen on
specific IP addresses only, for security reasons, or otherwise policy
reasons. HTTP (apache), SMTP (sendmail, postfix, etc…), IMAP. All quite
common, and reasonable, to configure them to accept incoming connections
on specific network ports only. Privoxy is a special case. You have to make
it listen only on internal IP addresses, otherwise it's a gaping security
The bottom line is that it is not unreasonable to preconfigure services to
bind to specific, known, IP addresses; and furthermore to be able to
reliably start them at system boot when those fixed, static, IP addresses
are available. Things worked like that for a very, very long time.
That's the big picture. And looks like it's completely impossible to do
that, in stock Fedora. Which is a shame. Whatever the actual reasons for
this would be; I think it's purely acadamic. It should be possible to do
this without pulling one's hair out, and without resorting to various