[FZH] [Misc] 关于铸排机

alick alick9188在gmail.com
星期五 一月 7 04:57:26 UTC 2011

于 2011年01月07日 05:29, microcai 写道:
> 在 2011年1月6日 下午11:10,Bob Xiang<btbxbob在gmail.com>  写道:
>> 我闲得慌于是查了很多资料,结果最后还是回到了wikipedia。
>> 以下内容引用自http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monotype_Corporation
>> The typesetting machines were continually improved in the early years of
>> the 20th century, with a typewriter style keyboard for entering the type
>> being introduced in 1906. This arrangement addressed the need to vary
>> the space between words so that all lines were the same length.
>> The keyboard operator types the copy, each key punching holes in a roll
>> of paper tape that will control the separate caster. A drum on the
>> keyboard indicates to the operator the space required for each line.
>> This information is also punched in the paper. Before fitting the tape
>> to the caster it is turned over so that the first holes read on each
>> line set the width of the variable space. The subsequent holes determine
>> the position of a frame, or die case, that holds the set of matrices for
>> the face being used. Each matrix is a rectangle of copper recessed with
>> the shape of the letter. Once the matrix is positioned over the mould
>> that forms the rest of the piece of type being cast, molten type metal
>> is injected.
>> 这个已经是铸排机了。
>> 然后在铸排机之前,确实英文字体已经不等宽了(看了有个叫Francesco Griffo的
>> 人做的字体)
> 所以对纯机械实现对齐很诧异,太厉害啦。怎么做到的啊?!
>> 另外香港排版的方法和大陆有很大不同,标点符号全都是全角。我还见过一个汉字
>> 后面接着一个半角空格的排布,就是为了在插入英语的时候依然保持中文严格对
>> 准。
> 那个叫开明式。大陆一般使用行末半角式。标点只有在行末的时候用半角。为的是行末对齐的非常漂亮,一条直线。
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半角式: 所有标点占半个汉字宽度。
全角式: 所有标点占一个汉字宽度, 相邻两个标点占 1.5 汉字宽度。
开明式: 句末点号用全角, 其他半角。
行末半角式: 所有标点占一个汉字宽度, 行首行末对齐。



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